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INDUSTRY OVERVIEW: LA Sugar Industry Faces Challenges Amidst Changing Consumer Preferences

GUEST POST written by Daniel Zollinger. Daniel is a Commercial Development Associate at ASR Group- the world’s largest refiner and marketer of cane sugar. He specializes in financial planning and analysis and is a graduate of the LSU Flores MBA Program.

Louisiana has a rich history in the sugar industry, with the state’s first sugar cane plantation established in 1751 where the New Orleans French Quarter now stands. Today, Louisiana remains one of the largest sugar cane producers in the United States, second only to Florida. However, the industry has faced a number of challenges in recent years, including changing consumer preferences, international competition, and climate change.

Overview of the Louisiana Sugar Industry

Sugar cane is grown on approximately 400,000 acres of land in Louisiana, primarily in the southern part of the state. Most of Louisiana’s sugar cane is grown by small family farms, with the average farm size around 600 acres. The sugar cane is harvested in the fall and winter months and sent to one of 11 sugar mills in the state for processing.

The sugar industry in Louisiana is a significant contributor to the state’s economy, generating an estimated $4.2 billion in economic activity annually and supporting approximately 19,000 jobs. In addition to sugar cane production, the industry also produces molasses, a byproduct of sugar processing that is used in the production of animal feed, rum, and other products.

Challenges Facing the Louisiana Sugar Industry

One of the biggest challenges facing the Louisiana sugar industry is changing consumer preferences. Many consumers are now opting for artificial or alternative sweeteners like honey or agave, which has led to a decrease in demand for traditional sugar products. In addition, there is a growing concern among consumers about the health impacts of consuming too much sugar, which has led to increased scrutiny of the sugar industry and calls for stricter regulation.

Another challenge facing the Louisiana sugar industry is international competition. Brazil, the world’s largest sugar producer, produces sugar at a lower cost than Louisiana due to lower labor costs and more favorable weather conditions. This has led to suppression of the global sugar market price, which has had a negative impact on Louisiana’s sugar industry.

Finally, climate change is also a significant challenge for the Louisiana sugar industry. Rising temperatures and more frequent and severe weather events like Hurricanes Laura and Ida can damage sugar cane crops and disrupt the processing and transportation of sugar. In addition, warmer temperatures can also lead to an increase in pests like the sugarcane borer that can damage sugar cane crops.

Efforts to Support the Louisiana Sugar Industry

Despite the challenges facing the Louisiana sugar industry, there are a number of efforts underway to support the industry and help it adapt to changing conditions.

One of the most important efforts is research and development of new sugar cane varieties that are more resistant to pests and diseases and can better withstand the impacts of climate change. The USDA Agricultural Research Service leads the Sugarcane Research Unit in Houma, a sugar cane breeding program that is working to develop new sugar cane varieties that are more productive, disease-resistant, and environmentally sustainable.

In addition, the Louisiana sugar industry has also been working to diversify its products and find new markets for its sugar and molasses. One example is the production of high-value products like specialty sugars and molasses, which can be sold at a premium price to consumers who are willing to pay for quality and unique flavor profiles.

Finally, the Louisiana sugar industry has also been working to promote its products and educate consumers about the benefits of sugar and its role in a healthy diet. This includes efforts to highlight the natural and sustainable production methods used by Louisiana sugar cane farmers and to dispel common misconceptions about the health impacts of consuming sugar.


The Louisiana sugar industry is facing a number of economic and environmental challenges, but there are also opportunities for growth and adaptation. By investing in research and development, diversifying its products, and promoting its natural and sustainable production methods, the Louisiana sugar industry can continue to thrive and support the state’s economy and communities for years to come.


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